Before looking at the text of 2 Peter we will establish, as best we can, to whom the book was written and when the work was written.
Peter provides a spiritual description of the people in 1:1. He states they are people who have “obtained a faith of equal standing to ours.” “Ours” refers to the apostles. Thus Peter is stating that he is writing to people who have the same quality and object of their faith as the apostles have. They are Christians and children of God. They have reached that standing in the same way the apostles have as well. They have reached this standing not by their own achievements, but rather by the righteousness of Jesus, who is God and Savior.