Peter has completed giving instruction to wives and husbands. Now, he will turn his attention to the entire church and provide general admonitions on how they should live.
All of this falls under the category of conduct, a key concern for Peter in this book. Peter’s purpose is not only to reassure his readers of their place in God’s grace, but also to ensure they stand firm in it. The fiery trials they are facing have caused them to doubt their status before God. Peter is writing this book to reaffirm their status and teach them how to stand firm in it during times of fiery trail. In this section in emphasizes what the people need to both have and do.