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Category: Bible Study (page 5 of 25)

1 Peter 2:11-17: Beautiful Conduct

During the time of Peter’s writing of 1 Peter many philosophical groups had what were called holiness codes.  These codes laid out the moral conduct of people within the group.  It should be no surprise to Christians that we also have a holiness code.  In fact it is expected since we are required to be “holy as God is holy” (1 Peter 1:16).  Thus for us to know how to be “holy in all our conduct” (1 Peter 1:15) we have to have instruction on what that looks like.  Peter has been giving this instruction since the second half or chapter 1.

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1 Peter 2:9, 10: We are the New Israel

1 Peter 2:9, 10 has been a favorite verse by many.  It continues the thought of Peter in regards to the New Identity that we have in Christ (read earlier post here).  In particular Peter in these two verses gives us a better understanding of what it means to be elect by God.  He does this by applying the words God originally spoke to Israel to the Christian community today.

Exo 19:5  Now therefore, if you will indeed obey my voice and keep my covenant, you shall be my treasured possession among all peoples, for all the earth is mine; Exo 19:6  and you shall be to me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation. These are the words that you shall speak to the people of Israel.”

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1 Peter 2:1-8: Putting Aside and Coming To Jesus

In chapter 2 we have continuation of the discussion of conduct by Peter (read earlier comments here).  Peter starts off this chapter by telling us what we need to put off and put on.  Then Peter describes who we are.  The reason is we have to have a secure identity.  This identity drives our conduct.

Put off

Peter begins in 2:1 with a list of characteristic that need to be removed from the Christian life.  Those who have received salvation, have obeyed the truth and purified their soul, should “put-off” certain characteristics:

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1 Peter 1:24, 25–The Gospel Preached

As we conclude chapter 1 of 1 Peter we have Peter speaking of the Word of God.  It was the incorruptible seed, by which we were “born again” and “purified” (read more here). Peter’s description of the word of God is that unlike men, the word remains forever.  It is not corruptible, but rather incorruptible.  He then concludes by saying the Word of which he speaks is the Gospel that was preached to the audience.

This gospel was preached to this group of Christians, if my hypothesis is right, when they were gathered for the Feast of Pentecost in Acts 2 (read about my theory here).  However, it is interesting to see how Peter has interwoven the gospel in Chapter 1 of this book as well.  Let’s look at what components of the gospel are seen in chapter 1.

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1 Peter 1:17-25 Conduct Yourselves in Fear and Love

Peter transitioned in verse 13 from describing salvation in glorious terms to know speaking of the conduct we should have because of salvation (read more here).  We should “set our hope fully on the grace to come (1:13).”   Setting our hope on this coming grace means we change our actions.  The first type of conduct Christians are to have is holy (read more here).  Peter goes on to describe two other types of conduct.

Conduct Yourself in Fear

Verse 17 begins with Peter referring to Christians as those who “call on the Father.” This idea of “calling on God” is an expression throughout the Bible of a call to deliverance.  It is seen in the Psalms (Ex: Psalm 18:6).  It is seen in the Prophets (Joel 2:32).  It is seen in the book Acts (Acts 2:21; 22:16). It is seen in Paul (Romans 10:13).  Thus, Peter is speaking of those who have called upon God for salvation.  But it isn’t just any God that we call upon, it is the God who judges without partiality.  This judging is according to our deeds.

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